Femmes marocaines costumes et traditions

Il est nécessaire de donner un aperçu sur la femme marocaine, qui connaît les mêmes changements que la femme dans le monde, et surtout dans une période de transition dans le domaine des droits de l’Homme.

A l’indépendance du Maroc en 1956, les femmes marocaine sont devenues de plus en plus actives en dehors de leurs foyers, le haïk est remplacé alors par la Djellaba qui est en faite un habille pour les hommes.

Elle a subi beaucoup de changement et une importante transformation surtout pendant les quatre dernières décennies.

Elle a gardée la même structure mais a perdu sa coupe rigoureuse et ses couleurs sombres d’origine, excepté quand elle est destinée aux vielles femmes conservatrices.

Le babouch est considéré comme chaussure traditionnelle marocaine utilisé dans la vie quotidienne de la femme

La femme marocaine doit d’abord être considérée comme une personne qui jouit de la garantie de ses droits, et qui a surtout de forts espoirs dans le futur.

Nous pouvons admirer la décoration et le style marocain de leur maison, on remarque le décor accueillant de la demeure tout en conservant le thème traditionnel

Cet aperçu donne aussi une idée sur les conditions de vie de la femme marocaine, ses souhaits, espoirs et rêves, ses réalisations, projets, ses capacités intellectuelles, ainsi que ses talents. Par la même occasion, il nous montrera comment la femme marocaine se considère t-elle, et comment voit-elle sa diversité.

Elle est ambivalente dans le sens ou elle garde toujours les valeurs culturelles marocaines à l’intérieur de son foyer, et exerce la modernité en dehors de son ménage.

Récemment, la femme marocaine a commencé à s’organiser dans des associations, s’éduquer, et à créer son espace de liberté, afin de lutter pour l’obtention de ses propres droits, même dans des endroits où les hommes règnent, que se soit dans le domaine politique ou dans les activités sociales.

Il est important de noter que malgré tout le progrès qu’a connu la femme marocaine, elle est toujours ambiguë, elle a très peu de connaissance de droit. Elle a aussi le paradoxe d’autocensure féminine, une éducation insuffisante, spécialement dans les zones rurales.

Au Maroc, le vêtement traditionnel est la djellaba, longue robe à capuchon et à manches larges. Pour les occasions spéciales, les hommes portent aussi deschapeaux appelés tarbouchs ou fez. Les hommes d’origine berbère porteront un turban blanc, des sandales en cuir de chèvre et des poignards finement travaillés. Les femmes marocaines demeurent nombreuses à suivre la tradition islamique et à porter le voile en public. À la maison comme aux réceptions, elles s’habillent de robes longues, ou cafetans. Si nombre de Marocains portent toujours les vêtements traditionnels, la mode vestimentaire occidentale est toutefois de plus en plus populaire.

L’habit de la femme qui travaille a commencé a être influencé par le phénomène de la mode qui a résulté de l’échange intensif avec d’autres pays pendant le 19ème siècle, c’est le cas pour le caftan qui est d’origine turque ou même chinoise.

Il est toujours resté jusqu’à maintenant le plus important garnement interne de la femme marocaine.

Malgré tous les changements que connaît l’habillement traditionnel sous la pression de la vie moderne, constitue l’élément le plus important dans l’habit féminin dans toutes les classes sociales.

Il suffit que la personne se trouve dans une cérémonie de mariage ou durant une fête religieuse pour remarquer à quel point les femmes et les hommes marocains sont fidèles à leur belle tradition.

La femme marocaine dans la ville, contrairement à la femme rurale (dans le haut et le moyen atlas), ne pouvait pas circuler dans les rues sans haïk (du moins pendant les années cinquante). Le haïk est un large tissu de coton ou de laine de à peu prêt 5 mètres de longueur sur 1.60 M de largeur qui couvre le corps de la femme ainsi que son visage.

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Berber Jewellery: The Culture beyond the Glitter

    Berber jewellery serves a much wider purpose than simple adornment. The jewellery a woman wears identifies her as a member of a clan or tribe, it is a sign of her wealth, it reflects cultural traditions and it has power beyond the visual, to protect her from the evil eye.A woman will receive jewellery from her mother until she marries. For her marriage, her future husband will commission his mother or sister to provide jewellery for her and these will be kept by her as dowry and added to throughout her life.
This jewellery will always be made of silver, as gold is considered evil. Necklaces are important, the traditional assemblage in the southern oasis valleys sometimes featuring talismans of silver, pink coral, amazonite, amber,Czech glass and West African ebony beads. A woman will also have bracelets, fibulas (elaborate brooches, often triangular, used for fastening garments), anklets, earrings and headdresses. Some pieces will be worn every day, others – the finest – will be saved for occasions such as festivals, pilgrimages and funerals.The protective, medicinal and magical properties of jewellery are extremely important. The necklaces contain charms bought from magicians or holy men, whichoffer protection against the evil eye, disease, accidents and difficulties in childbirth. Silver is believed to cure rheumatism; coral symbolizes fertility and is thought to have curative powers; amber is worn as a symbol of wealth and to protect against sorcery (it’s also considered an aphrodisiac and a cure for colds); amazonite and carnelian stones are used in divining fortunes; and shells traded from East Africa symbolize fertility.

Talismans feature stylized motifs of animals, sun, moon and stars, all of which are believed to have supernatural powers. A common symbol to ward off the evil eye is the hand of Fatima, the daughter of the Prophet Mohammed. Any depiction of the hand (which represents human creative power and dominance) or of the number five is believed to have the same effect as metaphorically poking fingers into the evil eye with the words khamsa fi ainek (five in your eye).

I Moroccan charming diverse culture.

<img class="alignnone size-full wp-image-151" src="https://culturalecho.files.wordpress.com/2011/03/maroc-sasn-complexes.jpg" alt="maroc sasn complexes" width="110" height="130" /Click Here!>Morocco possesses a diverse and lively history that witnessed a long succession of different ruling people such as the Romans, French, Spanish, Jews, Arabs and Berbers. This diversity is reflected through many aspects of Moroccan life, namely the languages, the clothing, the cuisine, and the culture.
Traveling from region to region in Morocco might seem more like traveling from country to country. For the diversity of culture from one city to the next is striking. However, in general, Morocco can be divided into two main cultures: Arab and Berber. And, each one has its own charm. Tourists visiting Morocco will definitely not get bored as with every step they take, they are bound to discover Morocco’s eclectic heritage.
The Berbers were the first inhabitants of North Africa and they are also considered its indigenous people. The history of the Berber people goes back more than 5000 years ago. The Berbers are a group of people who migrated possibly from the Middle east or Eurasia to as far west the Atlantic coast and all the way down to Mali, Niger, and Burkina. It wasn’t until the 7th century with the Arab invasion that the Berbers became ‘Arabized’ and converted to Islam.
There are three main Berber groups in Morocco who speak three varieties of the Berber language. Berbers from the Rif, in northern Morocco, speak Tarifit, Berbers from the Middle Atlas region speak Tamazight, and those from the High Atlas and Souss regions in the South speak Tashelheet. The Berber text is different from Arabic and is called Tifinagh.
Berbers, referred to as Shlooh by most Moroccans, represent more than half of the Moroccan population and live mainly in the south of Morocco. There have been a lot of efforts nowadays to preserve the Berber identity and to promote its culture. As a result, the Berber language has recently been introduced in primary schools as a compulsory language.image The main characteristics of Berber culture are their nomadic way of life, their folkloric music, fine poetry and silver jewelry.
The Arabs experienced a different history in Morocco. When they invaded Morocco in the late 7th century, their conquest was met with fierce resistance from the Berber tribes. The Arabs eventually succeeded in taking over Morocco and forcing the Berbers to adopt the Arab culture and Muslim religion.
The Arabs represent about 40% of the Moroccan population and live mainly in the northern regions of Morocco. One of the main characteristics of Arab culture in Morocco are their customs, language, music, religion, food, and dress, just to name a few.
Apart from the Berber and Arab influences in Morocco, there is also an Andalusian influence in the North and a Sub-Saharan influence in the south. imageDue to the Christian conquest of Spain, there were many Muslim and Jewish exiles from Spain into Morocco, which explains the Spanish/Andalusian element in Morocco’s culture, notably in the music and food. In the south of Morocco you will notice many black Moroccans. During the caravan trades, many slaves were brought up from possibly Guinea, and there influence is prevalent in the type of music known as Gnawa, especially in Marrakech which was a main caravan stop.
It is worth mentioning that the official language of Morocco is Arabic. Most Moroccans, no matter what their origins are, speak Arabic. There is a minority of Berber nomads who do not speak Arabic.
So, on your next visit to Morocco, keep your senses awake to experience Morocco’s diversity.image

Imilchil Marriage Festival in Ait Hdidou tribes in High Atlas Mountains in Morocco

1002297_624600827563590_100236093_nThe village of Imilchil lies high in the Middle Atlas Mountains, on the Plateau du Lac in the valley of Assif Melloul (“white river”), and is home to the Ait Hdiddou tribe.

Imilchil Moussem, or marriage festival is held each year in mid-September, and has become one of Morocco’s most popular Festivals, attracting romantics from all over the world. Filled with Berber dancing, drumming and chanting, the three day feast sees up to 40 couples tie the knot, and many others find their prospective partner. Single women, divorcees and widows searching for a husband are adorned in traditional cloaks and hoods, eagerly anticipating marriage proposals. When a woman accepts a proposal, she says to her suitor “You have captured my liver”, and the match is made!

8p96wd25According to legend, a young man and woman from two local tribes fell in love, but were forbidden to see each other as their parents were sworn enemies. The lovers cried themselves to death, each forming a lake from their tears – Lake Isli (meaning groom in Berber) and Lake Tisli (meaning bride).

As a tribute to their memories, the guilt-stricken families initiated a betrothal festival on the anniversary of the lover’s death, during which couples from different tribes were allowed to meet and marry each other.

Today the festival is a meeting place for young tribal people from the Ait Haddidou and Er Rachidia region, giving them the opportunity to find a lifelong partner. Parents usually accompany young women and assist them in finding suitable partners, whereas older candidates (due to their position within the tribe) can choose their own husbands without having to ask for parental consent.

8p96wd25The engagement party at Imilchil is one of the biggest attractions of festival, where the theme is of course love. Much attention is devoted to this event as it has a lot of cultural significance, and it gives an opportunity to ensure the survival of the old traditional marriage story and share it with a worldwide audience.

The Imilchil Moussem generates a huge amount of revenue for the region, as it attracts an influx of domestic and foreign visitors – in excess of 30,000 during the course of the three day event. To increase its appeal further, the traditional folk aspect of the festival has been increased, and includes old traditional music and Berber dances such as Ait Hdidou, Talsint, and the waltzes of the pretty dancing bee (Nahla) to Kelaa M’gouna .

The festival is dependent on the harvest, so dates are not fixed, but it usually falls in mid-September. Imilchil is accessible most easily from the South – Tineghir / Erfoud / Er Rachidia /Midelt. 4×4 transport is essential, and a guide or driver recommended.198713_fr_imilchilhuh

10 Argan Oil Benefits for Hair and Skin, pregnancy

Often called ‘liquid gold’, argan oil is an organic product extracted from the kernels of the argan tree, which is native to Morocco. It is extremely rich in beneficial nutrients including fatty acids and vitamin E. Its properties make it particularly beneficial for the hair and skin, which makes it a popular cosmetic choice for many celebrities. It’s not just for the rich and famous, though – anyone can reap the argan oil benefits for their body. Here are some of its most common uses.

1. Skin Moisturiser

skin-moisturiserArgan oil is most commonly used as a skin moisturiser to hydrate and soften skin. With its high vitamin E and fatty acid content, argan oil is the ideal product to give skin a natural boost. It absorbs easily and is non-greasy and non-irritating, which makes it a great natural moisturiser.

It is easy to use all over the body, including the face and neck. Simply smooth a few drops into your skin using gentle rubbing motions, as you would any face andbody lotion.

2. Hair Conditioner

hair-treatmentArgan oil is proven to make hair softer, silkier and shinier. It is the ideal hair conditioner, and it can even help to treat split ends and tame frizzy hair. Using argan oil to condition your hair is extremely easy. It comes in several types of applications and products and has so many ways to use it for different results that we decided to write an in-depth guide to using Argan oil for hair.

3. Sleek and Shine Styling

shiny-straight-hairDue to its ability to tame frizz and give hair shine, argan oil is also commonly used as a styling agent. It makes hair more manageable and adds a healthy, attractive shine to any hair style. This is an ideal step to add to your daily routine after blow-drying. Rub a few drops of argan oil over your palms and then comb your fingers through your hair to apply.

Anti-Aging

Not only does argan oil act as an effective moisturiser, it can also give skin a youthful glow and reduce the visibility of wrinkles. Its anti-oxidant effect makes argan oil the ideal anti-aging product. It restores elasticity and leaves skin feeling plumper and softer.

The best way to apply argan oil for the most prominent anti-aging effects is to massage a few drops into your face and neck before bed. It acts as a moisturiser and anti-ager all in one.

5. Dry Skin Conditions

People suffering from dry skin or conditions such as eczema which can leave skin raw, flaky and itchy will benefit immensely from argan oil. The vitamin E and fatty acids in argan oil are excellent for repairing damaged skin and providing it with nutrients which will prevent further dryness and irritation. Argan oil also contains ingredients which soothe skin. Applying a small amount of oil directly to afflicted skin and massaging in gently can provide relief and encourage healing.

6. Acne

Where many oils and moisturisers can exacerbate skin conditions such as acne, argan oil actually soothes afflicted skin and promotes healing. Acne is often the result of oily skin. Since argan oil is non-greasy, it helps to balance skin by providing natural moisture. Argan oil also contains anti-oxidants which help to heal damaged skin cells and reduce inflammation.

Applying a few drops of argan oil to skin afflicted by acne after cleansing and patting dry ensures that essential moisture and nutrients are introduced to clean, dry skin. Rubbing in gently and repeating twice daily can help clear up mild acne as well as balancing oily or dry skin.

7. Protection and Healing

The antioxidants in argan oil are generally beneficial for healing skin which is irritated, cracked, damaged or even burned. It is best used as a preventive for dry or sore skin, but it can also be used to speed up healing. Its properties include reducing inflammation, soothing pain and increasing healing rate.

Smoothing a few drops of argan oil into sore or damaged skin helps to speed up the healing process.

8. Click Here!Pregnancy

Stretch marks are an issue for many pregnant women, but argan oil is the ideal protection against stretch marks and sagging, puckered skin after birth. Argan oil increases the elasticity of skin due to its vitamin E content. Using a few drops of argan oil to rub into breasts, stomach, bottom and thighs during pregnancy will reduce the likelihood of developing unsightly stretch marks.

Argan oil is also idea for keeping skin and hair soft, healthy and hydrated during pregnancy.

9. Foot, Hand and Nail Treatment

Argan oil’s softening properties are ideal for brittle nails, dry hands and cracked, hard skin on feet. It both moisturises and softens skin, leaving hands and feet supple and soft and nails strong and healthy. Try massaging a few drops of argan oil into cuticles, hands and feet before bed each night.

10. Lip Moisturiser

Especially in cold or dry weather, lips can easily become sore, dry and cracked. Argan oil is the ideal product to ensure lips stay plump, soft and supple. Rub a drop or two into dry lips as a balm – but be sure to wipe off any excess.

All This… In One Bottle

argan-oilThe best thing about argan oil is that is can be safely used in its pure form and doesn’t need to be bought as an ingredient in lotions, conditioners and moisturizers. One bottle of argan oil is extremely versatile and can be used for all these benefits. This miracle oil will change the way you live your life.

Poverty facts

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http://www.globalissues.org/print/article/26
Almost half the world — over three billion people — live on less than $2.50 a day.

At least 80% of humanity lives on less than $10 a day.

More than 80 percent of the world’s population lives in countries where income differentials are widening.

The poorest 40 percent of the world’s population accounts for 5 percent of global income. The richest 20 percent accounts for three-quarters of world income.

According to UNICEF, 22,000 children die each day due to poverty. And they “die quietly in some of the poorest villages on earth, far removed from the scrutiny and the conscience of the world. Being meek and weak in life makes these dying multitudes even more invisible in death.

Around 27-28 percent of all children in developing countries are estimated to be underweight or stunted. The two regions that account for the bulk of the deficit are South Asia and sub-Saharan Africa.

current trends continue, the Millennium Development Goals target of halving the proportion of underweight children will be missed by 30 million children, largely because of slow progress in Southern Asia and sub-Saharan Africa.

Morocco booted from 2015 African Cup for refusing to host over Ebola concerns

teams_morocco_marocmaroc sasn complexesThe Confederation of African Football refused Morocco’s request to postpone the African Cup until 2016 because of fears over the spread of Ebola, which has killed about 5,000 people in West Africa.

THE ASSOCIATED PRESS
Published: Tuesday, November 11, 2014, 9:34 AM
Updated: Tuesday, November 11, 2014, 9:42 AM
LUC GNAGO/REUTERSBoys stand next to a poster, pertaining to the Ebola virus, during a training session by Sierra Leone’s national soccer team at the Felix Houphouet Boigny stadium in Abidjan, September 5, 2014.

CAIRO (AP) — Morocco was thrown out of the 2015 African Cup of Nations and stripped of its hosting rights Tuesday after refusing to commit to the scheduled dates early next year because of fears over Ebola.

The Confederation of African Football said the tournament would now be hosted by another country. It didn’t announce which one, but said it had received “some applications” to replace Morocco.

CAF said in a statement that the applications from possible replacement hosts were now “under review.”

CAF repeatedly refused Morocco’s request to postpone the African Cup until 2016 because of fears over the spread of the deadly Ebola virus, which has killed about 5,000 people in West Africa. The African soccer body insisted the continent’s showpiece tournament must go ahead on the planned dates of Jan. 17-Feb. 8.

“Having firmly and unanimously notified … its decision to keep the competition on the dates indicated, the executive committee confirmed that the Africa Cup of Nations 2015 will not take place in Morocco,” CAF said.

The body’s decision-making executive committee also decided “that the national team of Morocco is automatically disqualified” because of its “refusal” to host.

CAF will decide on further punishments for Morocco for breaching itscontractual obligations as host, the statement said.

SATURDAY NOV 8 2014 PHOTO, BEST QUALITYWADE WILLIAMS/APThe Ebola virus has killed about 5,000 people in West Africa.

CAF had already approached seven countries to act as possible short-notice hosts, according South Africa, one of the nations on the list. South Africa, Egypt, Sudan and Ghana have all indicated they are unwilling to replace Morocco, partly because of Ebola. Nigeria and Angola have also been mentioned as possible stand-in hosts.

CAF has not named any countries it is considering as a replacement for Morocco.

Morocco wanted the tournament postponed for a year because it feared the possible spread of Ebola through tens of thousands of football supporters traveling for the three-week African Cup. It said over the weekend it wouldn’t stand down over its position, prompting CAF to take the tournament elsewhere.

Morocco is scheduled to host FIFA’s club World Cup next month, featuring Champions League winner Real Madrid. The country said it was willing tocontinue with its hosting duties for that tournament because it didn’t expect many supporters to travel from Ebola-affected regions.

The two African teams playing in the Club World Cup are from Morocco and fellow North African nation Algeria.

Morocco will not hold African Cup of Nation 2015

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The decision was announced by the Confederation of African Football, which had accused Morocco of being alarmist. The confederation has noted that the Ebola virus has not been detected in Morocco; few visiting fans were expected; the dates, from Jan. 17 to Feb. 8, fit within an international window on the world soccer calendar; and a postponement could be financially crippling to the regional governing body.

Even under a threat of being barred, Morocco had held firm in its position that it would not host the biennial, 16-team championship as scheduled because of the possibility of a spread of Ebola. It wanted the cup delayed at least until June 2015.

“This decision is motivated mainly by the medical risks that would put this virus on the health of our fellow Africans,” Mohamed Ouzzine, Morocco’s sports minister, said in a statement last weekend.

No new host country has been named, and it remains unclear whether the tournament will proceed as scheduled or be delayed.

The confederation said that it had received “some applications” from nations seeking to host the Cup of Nations on the scheduled dates but did not name them. According to news accounts, South Africa, Egypt and Ghana have said they were not interested.

The final qualifying matches will be held as scheduled this month, CAF said.

The barring of Morocco from the 2015 Africa Cup of Nations was the latest disruption to soccer on the continent in the wake of the Ebola outbreak. Guinea, Liberia and Sierra Leone, the West African countries hardest hit by the virus, are prevented from playing any matches at home.

In July, the Seychelles forfeited a match and was barred from participation in further qualifying after it refused to allow Sierra Leone’s team into the island nation.

Sierra Leone’s team has faced chants of “Ebola, Ebola” when it has played in the Democratic Republic of Congo and Cameroon. On a recent trip to Cameroon, the players were placed in a hotel that had no other guests. They were also subjected to twice daily checks for Ebola, even though none of the players are based in Sierra Leone or had traveled there since July.

Ebola and African Cup of Nations

Morocco asked to postpone the African Cup of Nations till June 2015 instead of January 2015 because Ebola Epidimc.Morocco has the right to asked such thing as the I ternational Health organization launch the red light that big gatherings of supporters in Africa might cause more Ebola spreading between people as there is no cure invented yet for this disease..The African confederation of Soccer refused the Moroccan decusion.This is ridiculous..This federation does not care about African Health..It only cares about the profits that they can gain from commercials and advertisements.

This the best decision Morocco made to protect it s citizens as well as the supporters from Africa and from the World. .. Morocco fears that if the organization of African Cup Is Help In The Kingdom and ( God forgive) one case of Ebola detected  , will deeply affect Moroccan Tourism as one of the main economic resources  in the country.To he’ll with African Cup of Nations if this would bring a disaster in Moroccan citizans   health and the Kingdom s Economy.imazighn1.jpgtimthumb

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